The Nile Basin Initiative (NBI) is an intergovernmental partnership of 10 Nile Basin countries, namely Burundi, DR Congo, Egypt, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, South Sudan, The Sudan, Tanzania and Uganda. Eritrea participates as an observer.
For the first time in the Basin's history, an all-inclusive basin-wide institution was established, on 22nd February, 1999, to provide a forum for consultation and coordination among the Basin States for the sustainable management and development of the shared Nile Basin water and related resources for win-win benefits.
The highest decision and policy-making body of NBI is the Nile Council of Ministers (Nile-COM), comprised of Ministers in charge of Water Affairs in each NBI Member State. The Nile-COM is supported by the Nile Technical Advisory Committee (Nile-TAC), comprised of 20 senior government officials, two from each of the Member States.
The setup of NBI is informed by the principle of subsidiarity. Besides the Secretariat (Nile-SEC), which is responsible for the overall corporate direction there are two Subsidiary Action Programs (SAPs) offices, namely the Eastern Nile Technical Regional Office (ENTRO) for the Eastern Nile Subsidiary Action Program (ENSAP) and the Nile Equatorial Lakes Subsidiary Action Program Coordination Unit (NELSAP-CU), for the Nile Equatorial Lakes Subsidiary Action Program (NELSAP).
The Nile Basin Initiative provides the first and only all-inclusive platform for the Basin States to discuss with trust and confidence, how to collectively take care of and jointly use the shared Nile Basin water and related resources. This is crucial in order to maximize win-win benefits for current and future generations and minimize risks and costs..
The Basin Cooperation core function actively provides the first and only all-inclusive and neutral regional platform for Member States to discuss with trust and confidence, how to collectively take care of and jointly use the shared Nile Basin water and related resources. This is in order to maximize win-win benefits for current and future generations and minimize risks and costs.
Under this core function, Nile-SEC strengthens Member States’ institutional and technical capacities and provides shared knowledge bases to support decision making and action at local levels. This includes generating basin wide science based information and making available to Member States, analytic tools, the necessary policy instruments and early warning systems as key pre-requisites for safeguarding and managing the shared Nile Basin water resources in a sustainable manner.
The Water Resources Development core function assists Member States to identify and prepare investment projects, which are economically viable, environmentally friendly and socially acceptable as well as mobilize financial and technical resources for their implementation.
The 10-year Strategy translates the NBI Shared Vision Objective “to achieve sustainable socio-economic development through equitable utilization of, and benefit from the shared Nile Basin water resources,” into basin development goals that the institution will work towards; and further expounds on what contributions NBI will make over the period. The Strategy addresses three main issues: What basin challenges the Nile riparians expect NBI to contribute towards addressing over the next 10 years; What contributions the NBI will make to address the basin challenges and how the NBI as an institution should position itself to effectively discharge its mandate.
The 10 Year Strategy will be implemented through 5 Year Programs prepared by the three NBI Centers (Nile-SEC, ENTRO and NELSA-CU respectively) and will be funded by the NBI Member States with support from Development Partners